Volume 1, Number 1 (2016)
Year Launched: 2016
Journal Menu
Archive
Previous Issues
Why Us
-  Open Access
-  Peer-reviewed
-  Rapid publication
-  Lifetime hosting
-  Free indexing service
-  Free promotion service
-  More citations
-  Search engine friendly
Contact Us
Email:   service@scirea.org
Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Agriculture > Archive > Paper Information

Effects of straw incorporation and reduction of chemical fertilizer on soil nutrients and crop yield in farmland

Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2016    |    PP. 124-134    |PDF (370 K)|    Pub. Date: November 17, 2016
201 Downloads     1199 Views  

Author(s)
Chen Zhu, School of Resources and Environment,Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei,230036, China, Address correspondence to this author at No.130,Changjiang West Road,Hefei, China.
Yue Jingjing, School of Resources and Environment,Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei,230036, China, Address correspondence to this author at No.130,Changjiang West Road,Hefei, China.
Hu Hongxiang, School of Resources and Environment,Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei,230036, China, Address correspondence to this author at No.130,Changjiang West Road,Hefei, China.
Yan Ya’nan, School of Resources and Environment,Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei,230036, China, Address correspondence to this author at No.130,Changjiang West Road,Hefei, China.
Di Yunfei, School of Resources and Environment,Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei,230036, China, Address correspondence to this author at No.130,Changjiang West Road,Hefei, China.

Abstract
It’s adopted the method of field experiments studied the effects of straw incorporation and reduction of chemical fertilizer on soil nutrients and crop yield, through the treatments of no fertilizer + straw (NS), optimized fertilization with straw to field the full amount (SF), optimization by providing optimization of biological humic acid fertilizer + basal was applied without straw (NSC), optimization of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer by 20% + total amount of straw to field (S0.8F), optimization of fertilizer nitrogen and phosphorus by 40% + total amount of straw to field (S0.6F) process. The results showed that, rape - rice rotation crop yield under both conditions showed NSC > SF > NS > S0.8F > S0.6F, wherein the NSC has the significant differences compared with NS, S0.8F and S0.6F (P < 0.05) and has no significant differences compared with SF (P > 0.05). Rapeseed - rice rotation field soil organic matter content are expressed as: SF > S0.8F > S0.6F > NSC > NS, and straw treatments significantly improve the soil organic matter (P <0.05). Changing trend of total nitrogen content in rice season is: NSC > S0.8F > SF > NS > S0.6F, and soil nitrogen content trends: NSC > SF > S0.8F > S0.6F > NS. Rapeseed season paddy soil total nitrogen content trends: NSC > SF > S0.8F > NS > S0.6F, and soil nitrogen content trends: NSC > S0.8F > SF > S0.6F > NS. Among them, the difference between treatments was significant (P < 0.05). Rapeseed season and trends of soil potassium content in rice season performance: NSC > SF > S0.8F > NS > S0.6F, also, the SF, soil potassium content NSC, S0.8F processing, such as processing and NS showed significant difference (P < 0.05). Crop yield trends were showed as: NSC > SF > NS > S0.8F > S0.6F. It concluded that the implementation of straw would help to improve the carbon and nitrogen content of the soil and to increase the crop yields. To a certain extent, taking the reduction of chemical fertilizers would reduced the soil nutrient content and crop yield. But The implementation of straw can replace a certain amount of fertilizer. This study could provide the technical basis for the green agriculture and increase agricultural environmental action.

Keywords
Returning straw into field; Less fertilizer; Chaohu; Soil Nutrients; Crop Yields

Cite this paper
Chen Zhu, Yue Jingjing, Hu Hongxiang, Yan Ya’nan, Di Yunfei, Effects of straw incorporation and reduction of chemical fertilizer on soil nutrients and crop yield in farmland, SCIREA Journal of Agriculture. Vol. 1 , No. 1 , 2016 , pp. 124 - 134 .

References

[ 1 ] Liu Shiping,Zhang Hongcheng,et al.Effects of tillage and straw returning on soil fertility and grain yield in a wheat-rice double cropping system.Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2006,22(7):48-51
[ 2 ] Gao Xiangzhao,Ma Wenqi,Ma Changbao,et a1.Analysis on the current status of utilization of crop straw in China.Journal Huazhong(Central China)Agricultural University,2002,21(3):242-247
[ 3 ] Li Jing,Tian Xiaohong,Wang Shaoxia,et al,Effects of nitrogen fertilizer reduction on crop yields,soil nitrate nitrogen and carbon contents with straw returning.Journal of Northwest A&F University(Natural Science Edition),2014,(1):137-143
[ 4 ] Chen Dezhang,et al.Influence of rice straw return to field on physico-chemical properties of soil and yield of crops.Soils and Fertilizers Sciences in China,2000,(5):24-27
[ 5 ] Chen Shanghong,Zhu Zhonglin,Liu Dinghui,et al.Influence of straw mulching with no-till on soil nutrients and carbon pool management index.Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science,2008,14(4):806-809
[ 6 ] Su Wei,Lu Jianwei,Zhou Guangsheng,et al.Influence of straw returning on rapeseed growth,soil temperature and moisture.Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science,2011,17(2):366-373
[ 7 ] Hu Hongxiang,Cheng Yan,Ma Youhua,et al.Decomposition characteristics of returned rapeseed straw in soil and effects on soil fertility.Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture,2012,20(3):297-302
[ 8 ] Gao Liwei,Ma Lin,Zhang Weifeng,Wang Fanghao,Ma Wenqi,Zhang Fusuo .Estimation of nutrient resource quantity of crop straw and its utilization situation in China .Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, ,2009,25(7):173-179
[ 9 ] Ma Chao,Zhou Jing,Zheng Xue-bo,et al.Effects of Returning Rice Straw into Field on Soil Nutrients and Wheat Yields Under Promoting Decay Condition.Soils,2012,44(1):30-35
[ 10 ] Pan Jianling,Dai Wanan,Shang Zhanhuan.Review of research progress on the influence and mechanism of field straw residue incorporation on soil organic matter and nitrogen availability.Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture,2013,21(5):526-535
[ 11 ] Han Zhiqing,Zhang Dianxue,Wang Qiubing,et al.Effect of Returning straw into field on Characteristics of Absorbed and Desorbed P in Meadow Cinnamon Soil and Micro- aggregates.Journal of Shenyang Agricultural University,2007,38(6):816-820
[ 12 ] Yoong K.Soona,Newton Z.Lupwayib.Straw management in a cold semi—arid region:Impact on soil quality and crop productivity.Field Crops Research,2012,139(1):39-46
[ 13 ] Xia Xiaoliang,Shi Zulian,et al..Effects of nitrogen fetilizationon spatial temporal distributions of soil nitrate and nitrogen utilization in wheat season of rice wheat systems.Acta Pedologica sinica ,2010,47(3):490-410
[ 14 ] BBasso,JT Ritchie.Impact of compost,manure and inorganic fertilizer on nitrate leaching and yield for a 6-year maize-alfalfa rotation in Michigan[J].AgricultureEcosystems&Environment,2005,108(4):329-34l
[ 15 ] Zeng Yanhua,Wu Jianfu,et al.Eddects of rice straw incorporation on soil physical,chemical and biological properties in double cropping paddy fields.Journal of soil and water conservation,2013,27(3):150-155
[ 16 ] Hou Qingshan.Study on Aftereffect of Phosphorus Fertilizer in Rice-Wheat Rotation.Chinese Journal of Soil Science,2009,41(2):324-327
[ 17 ] Wang Jingquan,Zhou Jianming,et al.Effects of three fertilizeing models on soil fertility of calcareous soil.Acta Pedologica sinica,2002,39(6):844-852
[ 18 ] Li Qiumei,Chen Xinping,Zhang Fusuo,V.Romheld.Study on balance of phosphorus and potassium in winter wheat and summer maize rotation system.Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science,2002,8(2):152-156

Submit A Manuscript
Review Manuscripts
Join As An Editorial Member
Most Views
Article
by Sergey M. Afonin
2903 Downloads 16159 Views
Article
by Syed Adil Hussain, Taha Hasan Associate Professor
2246 Downloads 14812 Views
Article
by Omprakash Sikhwal, Yashwant Vyas
2316 Downloads 13721 Views
Article
by Munmun Nath, Bijan Nath, Santanu Roy
2222 Downloads 13639 Views
Upcoming Conferences
Jul.
17