Volume 2, Number 2 (2017)
Year Launched: 2016
Journal Menu
Archive
Previous Issues
Why Us
-  Open Access
-  Peer-reviewed
-  Rapid publication
-  Lifetime hosting
-  Free indexing service
-  Free promotion service
-  More citations
-  Search engine friendly
Contact Us
Email:   service@scirea.org
Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Agriculture > Archive > Paper Information

CORRELATION ANALYSIS BETWEEN CLIMATIC PARAMETERS AND THEIR EFFECT ON EVAPOTRANSPIRATION AT TONO IRRIGATION AREA, UPPER EAST REGION, GHANA

Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2017    |    PP. 1-10    |PDF (540 K)|    Pub. Date: April 23, 2017
114 Downloads     839 Views  

Author(s)
Jerry Asaana, Civil Engineering, Bolgatanga Polytechnic, Ghana
Adams Sadick, Analytical Services, CSIR-Soil Research Institute, Ghana
Abunkudugu A. Akunai, Agricultural Engineering, Bolgatanga Polytechnic, Ghana
Tayari Salifa, Agricultural Engineering, Bolgatanga Polytechnic, Ghana

Abstract
A study was carried at Tono irrigation area in the Upper East Region of Ghana to assess the relationship between some selected climatic parameters and their correlation with potential evapotranspiration (PET) estimated using Penman-Monteith method. The selected climatic parameters were temperature, humidity, wind speed and solar radiation. The climatic parameters were sourced at the Tono meteorological station and subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS version 20. PET showed strong positive correlation with temperature (r= +0.9588), solar radiation (r= +0.7185) and windspeed (r= +0.5907) but strong negative with humidity (r= -0.7843). PET was high between the month of November and March which required water to irrigate the major crops in the area. Moreover, rainfall was high between the month of April and October with the highest in August.

Keywords
Temperature, Solar Radiation, Windspeed, Potential Evapotranspiration

Cite this paper
Jerry Asaana, Adams Sadick, Abunkudugu A. Akunai, Tayari Salifa, CORRELATION ANALYSIS BETWEEN CLIMATIC PARAMETERS AND THEIR EFFECT ON EVAPOTRANSPIRATION AT TONO IRRIGATION AREA, UPPER EAST REGION, GHANA, SCIREA Journal of Agriculture. Vol. 2 , No. 2 , 2017 , pp. 1 - 10 .

References

[ 1 ] Adams, S., Quansah, G. W., Issaka, R. N., Asamoah, E. A., Nketia, K. A., and Amfo-Otu, R. Water requirements of some selected crops in Tono irrigation area. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 4 (3). 2014, 246–257. Available at: http://www.innspub.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/JBES-Vol4No3-p246-257.
[ 2 ] Adu S. V. Soils of the Navrongo-Bawku area, Upper Region, Ghana. Memoir No. 5, Soil Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana. 1969, 100 pp.
[ 3 ] Allen R. G., Pereira L. S., Raes D., and Smith M. Crop evapotranspiration, guidelines for computing crop water requirements, FAO irrigation and Drainage paper 56. 1998, pp. 300, Rome, Italy.
[ 4 ] Baier, W. and Robertson, G. W. Estimation of Latent Evaporation from Simple Weather Observations. Canada Journal of Plant Science, 45. 1982, 276-284.
[ 5 ] Boateng E and Ayamga T. Soils and Land evaluation studies at Tono-Navrongo, Wiaga, Zuarungu and Manga Agricultural Stations, UER. IFAD/MOFA LACOSREP Report. 1992, 24 pp.
[ 6 ] Dale J. B., Liza M. A, Jay M. H and Clenton. E. O. Evapotranspiration in a Praire Ecosystem. Effect of Grazing by Cattle. Agronomic Journal, 93. 2001, pp. 338-348.
[ 7 ] Dittoh S. Towards sustainable irrigated agriculture: The case of large and small systems in upper east Region, Ghana. Condensed final research report submitted to African rural social sciences research networks (ARSSRN) and Winrock International, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension. University for Development Studies, Nyankpala Campus, Tamale, Ghana. 1998, 27 pp.
[ 8 ] Edoga R. N. and Suzzy A. B. U. Effect of Temperature Changes on Evapotranspiration in Minna, Niger State. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 3 (6). 2008, 482-486, ISSN: 1816-949X.
[ 9 ] FAO. Irrigation water requirement, In: Irrigation potential in Africa: A basin approach, Chapter 5, FAO corporate document repository. 2005, Rome, Italy.
[ 10 ] Kranjac-Berisavljevic' G, Blench R. M, Bayorbor T. B, Turton C. N, Abdulai AS, Boyd C, Obeng F and Drake E. Rethinking Natural Resources Degradation in Semi-Arid sub Saharan Africa: the Case of Semi-Arid Ghana. Faculty of Agriculture, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana, and Overseas Development Institute (ODI), London, United Kingdom. http://www.odi.org.uk/rpeg/soil_degradation/ghlit.pdf. Cited 15 May 2005
[ 11 ] Pallant, J. SPSS Survival Manual: A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS fourth Edition. Allen & Unwin, Australia. 2011
[ 12 ] Peng F., Huang B., Li J., and Sun J. (1999), “A study on the pattern of plant transpiration evapotranspiration in agroforestry system in sea-coast areas”, Journal of Nanjing, 23 (6). 1999, pp. 19-22.
[ 13 ] Shirazi, S. M., Ismail, Z, Shatirah A, Sholichin, M. and Islam, M. A. Climatic parameters and net irrigation requirements of crops. International Journal of the Physical Sciences 6 (1). 2011. 15–26.
[ 14 ] Smajstrla A. G., Zazueta F. S., and Schmidt G. M. Sensitivity of potential evapotranspiration to four climatic variables in Florida. Proceedings of the Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida, 46. 1987, pp. 21-26.
[ 15 ] Su, Z., and Jacobs, C. ENVISAT: actual evaporation. BCRS Report 2001: USP-2 Report 2001. Publication of National Remote Sensing Board (BCRS), Delft, 57pp.

Submit A Manuscript
Review Manuscripts
Join As An Editorial Member
Most Views
Article
by Sergey M. Afonin
2903 Downloads 16159 Views
Article
by Syed Adil Hussain, Taha Hasan Associate Professor
2246 Downloads 14812 Views
Article
by Omprakash Sikhwal, Yashwant Vyas
2316 Downloads 13721 Views
Article
by Munmun Nath, Bijan Nath, Santanu Roy
2222 Downloads 13639 Views
Upcoming Conferences
Jul.
17