*Comments on the Nobel Prize Awarded to Roger Penrose*

**DOI:**10.54647/physics14343 80 Downloads 2403 Views

**Author(s)**

**Abstract**

The Nobel Prize Committee for Physics awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize to Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel, and Andrea Ghez for their discoveries about the black holes. Genzel and Ghez discovered that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy. However, Penrose's work is outdated because gravity is no longer always attractive since repulsive gravity was discovered in 1997 and subsequently confirmed by experiments. Thus, repulsive gravitation does exist, and Einstein, Newton, Galileo and Maxwell are incorrect. Relativists, including Einstein, are often carelessly overlooked simple, but subtle theoretical errors such as E = mc2. Since gravity was not always attractive, it is necessary to rejustify whether black hole really exist, in spite of the existence of repulsive gravitation. Moreover, repulsive gravitation force would necessary extend general relativity to a five-dimensional theory, which is beyond the understanding of Penrose and the Nobel Committee. In conclusion, the award of a Nobel Prize to Penrose is really groundless since there is no clear evidence for the existence of the black holes.

**Keywords**

current-mass interaction; charge-mass interaction; repulsive gravitation; E = mc2

**Cite this paper**

C. Y. Lo,
Comments on the Nobel Prize Awarded to Roger Penrose
, *SCIREA Journal of Physics*.
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2021 | PP. 145-153.
10.54647/physics14343

**References**

[ 1 ] | Announcements of the 2020 Nobel Committee (2020). |

[ 2 ] | R. Genzel, F. Eisenhauer, and S. Gillessen, "The Galactic Center massive black hole and nuclear star cluster," Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 3121(2010). |

[ 3 ] | C. Y. Lo, Incompleteness of general relativity, Einstein’s errors, and related experiments, American Physics Society March Meeting, Z23 5, 2015, Journal of Advances in Physics 8(2) (2015), 2135-2147. |

[ 4 ] | Einstein’s Miraculous Year, edited by John Stachel, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1998. |

[ 5 ] | A. Einstein, H. A. Lorentz, H. Minkowski and H. Weyl, The Principle of Relativity, Dover, New York, 1923. |

[ 6 ] | A. Einstein, The Meaning of Relativity, Princeton Univ. Press, 1954. |

[ 7 ] | S. W. Hawking, A Brief History of Time- from big bang to black hole (Random House Publishing Group,1998). |

[ 8 ] | A. Einstein, On a heuristic point of view concerning the production and transformation of light, Annalen der Physik 17 (1905), 132. |

[ 9 ] | A. Einstein, Does the inertia of a body depend upon its energy-content?, Annalen der Physik 18 (1905), 639. |

[ 10 ] | C. Y. Lo and Richard C. Y. Hui, Physics Essays 31(1) (2018). |

[ 11 ] | C. Y. Lo, The gravity of photons and the necessary rectification of Einstein equation, Progress in Physics 1 (2006), 46-51. |

[ 12 ] | C. Y. Lo, Completing Einstein’s proof of Progress in Physics 4 (2006), 14-18. |

[ 13 ] | A. L. Dmitriev, E. M. Nikushchenko and V. S. Snegov, Influence of the temperature of a body on its weight, Measurement Techniques 46(2) (2003), 115-120. |

[ 14 ] | Fan Liangzao, Feng Jinsong and Liu Wu Qing, Engineer Sciences 8(2) (2010), 9-11. |

[ 15 ] | http://news.softpedia.com/news/The-First-Test-That-Proves-General-Theory-of-Relativity-Wrong-20259.shtml. |

[ 16 ] | C. Y. Lo, Rectifiable Inconsistencies and Related Problems in General Relativity, Physics Essays 23(2) (2010). |

[ 17 ] | K. S. Thorne, Black Holes and Time Warps, Norton, New York, 1994. |

[ 18 ] | C. Y. Lo, Astrophys. J. 477 (1997), 700-704. |

[ 19 ] | C. Y. Lo, Gravitation, physics, and technology, Physics Essays 25(4) (2012), 553-560. |

[ 20 ] | C. Y. Lo, The Invalid Speculation of m = E/c2, the Reissner-Nordstrom Metric, and Einstein’s Unification, Phys. Essays, 25 (1), 49-56 (2012). |

[ 21 ] | C. Y. Lo, The temperature dependence of gravitation for the metallic balls - Measured with a torsion balance scale, GJSFR-F 17(4) (2017), 1-16, Ver. 1.0. |

[ 22 ] | Einstein, (1946), Ideas and Opinions, p. 337, Crown, New York, 1982. |

[ 23 ] | R. Penrose, "Asymptotic Properties of Fields and Space-Times," Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 66 (1963). |

[ 24 ] | R. Penrose, "Gravitational Collapse and Space-Time Singularities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 57 (1965). |

[ 25 ] | C. Y. Lo, Einstein’s Radiation Formula and Modifications to the Einstein Equation, Astrophysical Journal 455 (1995), 421-428; Editor S. Chandrasekhar suggests the appendix therein. |

[ 26 ] | C. Y. Lo, On incompatibility of gravitational radiation with the 1915 Einstein equation, Physics Essays 13(4) (2000), 527-539. |

[ 27 ] | A. Peres, Phys. Rev. 118 (1960), 1105. |

[ 28 ] | W. B. Bonnor, Commun. Math. Phys. 13 (1969), 163. |

[ 29 ] | R. Bartnik, J. Math. Phys. 38 (1997), 5774. |

[ 30 ] | S. Frittell and E. T. Newman, Phys. Rev. D 55 (1997), 1971. |

[ 31 ] | E. Malec, J. Math. Phys. 38 (1997), 3650. |

[ 32 ] | G. A. Burnett and A. D. Rendall, Class. Quant. Grav. 13 (1996), 111. |

[ 33 ] | H. Friedrich, Class. Quant. Grav. 13 (1996), 1451. |

[ 34 ] | P. Hubner, Phys. Rev. D 53 (1996), 701. |

[ 35 ] | A. D. Rendall, Helv. Phys. A 69 (1996), 490. |

[ 36 ] | P. R. Brady, Phys. Rev. D 51 (1995), 4168. |

[ 37 ] | Hubner, Class. Quant. Grav. 12 (1995), 791. |

[ 38 ] | J. Jezierk, Gen. Relat. and Grav. 27 (1995), 821.. |

[ 39 ] | U. Brauer, A. Rendall and O. Reula, Class. Quant. Grav. 11 (1994), 2283 |