The High-Energy Positive Solar Particles Invading Earth with Contribution to the Mortality from Ischemic Heart Diseases?

Volume 8, Issue 2, April 2023     |     PP. 54-65      |     PDF (1449 K)    |     Pub. Date: February 26, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/physics140528    72 Downloads     1980 Views  

Author(s)

Nikolay Takuchev, Trakia University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria

Abstract
Introduction: According to the results from several studies high-energy positive solar particles’ fluxes, invading Earth are correlated with mortality from ischemic heart diseases. According to statistics from World Health Organization (WHO), ischemic heart diseases are the first on the list of the 10 most frequent causes of death in 2016, regardless of the state's economic situation. Objective. A possible mechanism of the observed phenomenon is discussed. An example of the short-term impact of high-energy alpha fluxes on the area of the USA, affecting the short-term female mortality in the region, is explained by the proposed mechanism.
Material and Methods: Data on solar corpuscular radiation was obtained from an NOAA site – from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite series (GOES). High-energy protons and alpha particles’ path length through the atmosphere and corresponding energy were calculated by PSTAR and ASTAR databases and calculators. Data for mortality of ischemic heart diseases in the interval 1974 – 2019 from a reliable statistical source – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention USA, were used.
Results: Between fluxes of protons and alpha particles on the one side and the male and female ischemic diseases mortality in several states in the USA, on the other side, a high statistically significant correlation was found.
Discussion: A hypothetical mechanism is proposed, explaining the observable data. According to this mechanism, positively charged high-energy solar particles penetrate the atmosphere to the Earth's surface, reaching relatively small areas (spots) with typical dimensions of hundreds of kilometers, where they affect the biosphere. The spots are places, where the directions of geomagnetic field induction and the direction of the invasion of particles in the atmosphere are parallel – no deflecting force acts in this case to the charged particles. The energy required for the particles to overcome the interaction with the particles in the atmosphere was estimated. The particles reach the Earth’s orbit for minutes and penetrate the atmosphere in its thinnest part – the place where the Sun is at its culmination at the time of the arrival of particles. The described mechanism allows calculation of the width of the zone of latitudes with the most intensive impact – mainly between 28°N and 48°N. The mechanism allows calculating the dates with increased risk depending on latitude on the Earth's surface. According to satellite observational data (GOES 13), significant fluxes of alpha particles with energies above 3.4 GeV were observed in a geostationary orbit, while the proton flux with energies above 0.7 GeV is hundreds of times weaker. This makes it more likely to conclude that high-energy alpha particles reach the Earth's surface and cause death.

Keywords
alpha particles, mortality, ischemic heart disease, heart attack, GOES satellites

Cite this paper
Nikolay Takuchev, The High-Energy Positive Solar Particles Invading Earth with Contribution to the Mortality from Ischemic Heart Diseases? , SCIREA Journal of Physics. Volume 8, Issue 2, April 2023 | PP. 54-65. 10.54647/physics140528

References

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