Chemical Characteristics of Ettawa Crossbreed Goat Milk Fed the Ration Contain of Soybean Oil Calcium Soap

Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2023     |     PP. 12-22      |     PDF (1162 K)    |     Pub. Date: April 9, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/ahvm230036    89 Downloads     32800 Views  

Author(s)

Ali Bain, Animal Science Faculty, University of Halu Oleo, Kampus Hijau Bumi Tridharma Anduonohu. Jl. H.E.A. Mokodompit – Kendari – Sulawesi Tenggara
Nur Santy Asminaya, Animal Science Faculty, University of Halu Oleo, Kampus Hijau Bumi Tridharma Anduonohu. Jl. H.E.A. Mokodompit – Kendari – Sulawesi Tenggara
Arby’in Pratiwi, Animal Science Faculty, University of Halu Oleo, Kampus Hijau Bumi Tridharma Anduonohu. Jl. H.E.A. Mokodompit – Kendari – Sulawesi Tenggara
Michala Michala, Dakwah and Communication Faculty, Islamic Institute Bunga Bangsa Cirebon, Jl. Widarasari III – Cirebon – West Java

Abstract
This study aimed to determine milk quality of local Southeast Sulawesi female Ettawa crossbreed (EC) goats which fed calcium soap soybean oil (CaS-soybean oil) in the ration. This study used 4 lactating female local EC goats from Southeast Sulawesi with a weight of 24-33 kg. The experimental design used was the Latin Square Design (LSD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments consisted of T1 (ration without CaS_soybean oil (control), T2 (concentrate containing 1.5% CaS soybean oil, T3 (concentrate containing 3.0% CaS_soybean oil, and T4 (concentrate containing 4.5% CaS_soybean oil). Data were analyzed by using Krusskal Wallis one way ANOVA and Mann-Whitney U tests. The observed variables were contents of protein, fat, lactose, dry matter (DM) and solid non-fat (SNF) The results showed that protein, fat, dry matter and solid non-fat were significantly different but lactose did not significantly different. The quality of local female EC goat milk in Southeast Sulawesi that is fat, protein, lactose contents was categorized in good quality according to Thai Agriculture Standard (TAS) No 6006-2008. The conclusion of this study was the administration of 4.5% CaS_soybean oil showed better milk quality than other treatment on lactating local female EC goat.

Keywords
Ettawa Crossbreed Goat, Soybean Oil Calcium Soap (SCa-soybean), milk quality

Cite this paper
Ali Bain, Nur Santy Asminaya, Arby’in Pratiwi, Michala Michala, Chemical Characteristics of Ettawa Crossbreed Goat Milk Fed the Ration Contain of Soybean Oil Calcium Soap , SCIREA Journal of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine. Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2023 | PP. 12-22. 10.54647/ahvm230036

References

[ 1 ] Kiani S, van Ruth S M, van Raamsdonk L W D and Minaei S 2019 Hyperspectral imaging as a novel system for the authentication of spices: A nutmeg case study Lwt 104 61–9
[ 2 ] Kumar, R., K. Sivaiah, R. Y. Ramana, B. Ekambram, T. J. Reddy & Reddy 2006 Effect of supplementation of dietary protected lipids on intake and nutrient utilization in Deccani lambs. Trop. Anim Health Prod. 38 : 151-158
[ 3 ] Milkotester 2017 Opening Intruction Milk Analizing Device: Master Pro.http://www.milkotester.com/data/MasterPro.pdf. (Diakses tanggal 09 Februari 2021).Evans W C, Evans D and Trease G E 2009 Trease and Evans pharmacognosy (Saunders/Elsevier)
[ 4 ] Sudarwanto, M. 2012. Pegangan Pemeriksaan Susu Dan Produk Olahannya, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. Pr. 31-81. Paulus E and Suryani M 2019 Image analysis for smart machine of nutmeg sorting J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 1196
[ 5 ] Herispon, H 2020 Modul Olah Data Dengan SPSS 23. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Riau Press. Pekanbaru. 1-40 Perhimpunan Teknik Pertanian Indonesia L, Suyantohadi A and Fallah M A F 2012 Jurnal keteknikan pertanian 26
[ 6 ] Asminaya, N. S 2007 Penggunaan ransum komplit berbasis sampah sayuran pasar untuk produksi dan komposisi susu kambing perah. Tesis, Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.
[ 7 ] Wina, E. & I. W. R. Susana 2013 Manfaat lemak terproteksi untuk meningkatkan produksi dan reproduksi ternak ruminansia. Wartazo. 23 (4): 176-184
[ 8 ] Nurdin, E 2016 Ternak Perah Dan Prospek Pengembangannya. Plantasia, Yogyakarta. Nasution I S 2017 Non-Destructive Measurement for Estimating Leaf Area of Bellis perennis Rona Tek. Pertan. 10 58–64
[ 9 ] Bain, A., D. A. Astuti, S. Suharti, C. Arman & I. K. G. Wiryawan 2016 Performance nutrient digestibility, and meat quality of bali cattle fed a ration supplemented with soybean oil calcium soap and cashew fruit flour. Media Peternakan, 39 (3): 180-188
[ 10 ] Bain, A., I. K. G. Wiryawan, D. A. Astuti, C. Arman & S. Suharti 2017 Fermentability and digestibility of ration supplemented with soybean oil calcium soap and cashew fruit flour. Pakitan jurnal of nutrition. ISSN 1680-5194. 16 (12): 94-95
[ 11 ] Bain, A., I. K. G. Wiryawan, D. A. Astuti, C. Arman & S. Suharti 2018 Optimalisasi penggunaan level sabun kalsium minyak kedelai dalam ransum terhadap karakteristik fermentasi, populasi mikroba dan kecernaan nutrient secara in vitro menggunakan cairan rumen sapi bali. FNasution I S 2018 Technical optimization of a laser marking process of banana fruits and poinsettia bracts (Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover)
[ 12 ] Ramadhan, B. G., T. H. Suprayogi & A. Sustiyah 2013 Tampilan produksi susu dan kadar lemak susu kambing peranakan ettawa akibat pemberian pakan dengan imbangan hijauan dan konsentrat yang berbeda. Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang. 2 (1): 353-361.
[ 13 ] Tanuwira, U. H., D. C. Budinuryanto, S. Darodjah & W. S. Putranto 2011 Studi pembuatan kompleks mineral minyak dan efek penggunaannya dalam ransum terhadap fermentabilitas dan kecernaan (in vitrio). Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Padjajaran, Jatinangor. 10 (1): 32-38.
[ 14 ] [TAS] Thai Agricultural Standar 2008 Raw Goat Milk. National bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative. Vol. 125, Section 139 D. Thailand
[ 15 ] Schalm, D. W., E. J. Carrot & N. J. Jain 1971 Bovine Mastitis Philadelphia: Lea and Febinegr. Schmidt, G. H. 1971. Biology Of Lactation. Freeman and Company. San Franscisco
[ 16 ] Soleimanipour A, Chegini G R and Massah J 2018 Classification of anthurium flowers using combination of PCA, LDA and support vector machine Agric. Eng. Int. CIGR J. 20 219–28
[ 17 ] Hertaviani, R. F. 2009. Kandungan Nutrisi dan Kadar Laktoferin dalam Susu Kambing Perah Bangsa Peranakan Ettawa (Pe) dan Jawarandu. Skripsi. Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.
[ 18 ] Heuze, V., G. Tran, S. G. Reverdin & F. Lebas. 2016. Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum). Feedipedia a programe by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. (Diakses tanggal 14 April 2020).
[ 19 ] Prawesthrini, S., P. S. Hario, A. T. Soelieh, E. Mustofa, H. E. Nenny, H. Garry, C. D. V. Budiarto & K. S. Sabdoningrum 2010 Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya.
[ 20 ] Agustina, Y., Mulyo, J. H., & Waluyati, R. (2020). Analisis Pengendalian Mutu Bahan Baku Utama Susu Kambing Bubuk di Bumiku Hijau Yogyakarta. Jurnal Teknosains, 9 (2) (Juni), 91–180.
[ 21 ] B., & Umberger, W. J. (2012). Factors Influencing Malaysian Consumers’ Consumption of Dairy Products. Australia Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, 1(1), 1–30.
[ 22 ] Bytyqi, N., Muji, S., & Rexhepi, A. (2020). Consumer Behavior for Milk and Dairy Products as Daily Consumption Products in Every Household—The Case of Kosovo. Open Journal of Business and Management, 08(02), 997–1003. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojbm.2020.82063.
[ 23 ] Fanani, Z., & Thohari, I. (2018). Preferensi Konsumen Produk Kefir Susu Kambing Di Malang. Jurnal Nusantara Aplikasi Manajemen Bisnis, 3(1), 54. https://doi.org/10.29407/nusamba.v3i1.12029
[ 24 ] Guney, I., & Ocak, S. (2013). Consumer Preference for Goat Milk in Turkey Consumer Preference for Goat Milk in Turkey. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 2(7), 181–188.
[ 25 ] Hidayat, A. T., Mustikasari Elita, F., & Setiaman, A. (2012). Hubungan Antara Atribut Produk Dengan Minat Beli Konsumen. EJurnal Mahasiswa Universitas Padjajaran, 1(1), 19. http://journals.unpad.ac.id
[ 26 ] Holmes, R., Hayes, J., Matthaei, C., Closs, G., Williams, M., & Goodwin, E 2016 Riparian Management Affects Instream Habitat Condition in a Dairy Stream Catchment. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 50(4), 581–599.