ISSN:
Volume 1, Number 1 (2023)
Year Launched: 2023
Previous Issues

A value-critical policy analysis of Ghana’s Human Trafficking Act (Act 694) as amended: Implications for Social Welfare Practice

Volume 1, Issue 1, January 2023     |     PP. 1-24      |     PDF (208 K)    |     Pub. Date: November 21, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/ajsw3211001    44 Downloads     756 Views  

Author(s)

Kingsley Saa-Touh Mort, Department of Social Work University of Ghana P.O. Box LG 419, Legon, Ghana
Mac-Donald Akolbire Adabere, University for Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana
Abdul-Hamid Karim, Attorney General and Ministry of Justice, Accra, Ghana

Abstract
Human trafficking is a global problem that affects several millions of people. This paper presents the Chambers and Wedel (2009) value-critical approach to social policy and program analysis of the Human Trafficking Act, 2005 (Act 694) of Ghana, herein referred to as “the Act.” The analysis establishes alignment between the goals and objectives and a fit between the design and the social problem. However, several benefits and services including the provision of trafficked centres, admission of victims to centres, the conduct of assessments to determine risks to safety, assessing immediate and long-term needs, provision of material needs to victims, and the provision of services such as counselling, rehabilitation, adult literacy, and a programme aimed at skills development and training are limitedly implemented consistent with the requirements of the law. This is because the financing mechanism in the Act remains inadequate towards fulfilling the objects of the law and the political will remains a missing piece. This paper contributes to the understanding of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of promoting gender equality and decent work and economic growth. The paper calls for greater public awareness and resource allocation to issues of human trafficking in Ghana.

Keywords
Human Trafficking Act of Ghana, trafficking in persons; human trafficking; value-critical approach, implications for social welfare

Cite this paper
Kingsley Saa-Touh Mort, Mac-Donald Akolbire Adabere, Abdul-Hamid Karim, A value-critical policy analysis of Ghana’s Human Trafficking Act (Act 694) as amended: Implications for Social Welfare Practice , American Journal of Social Work. Volume 1, Issue 1, January 2023 | PP. 1-24. 10.54647/ajsw3211001

References

[ 1 ] Amissah, H. (2019). Combating Human Trafficking: An Assessment of the National Policies on Eliminating Human Trafficking in Ghana (Doctoral dissertation, University of Ghana).
[ 2 ] Aronowitz, A. A. (2009). Human trafficking, human misery: The global trade in human beings. Greenwood Publishing Group.
[ 3 ] Atuguba, R. A (2005). Human trafficking in Ghana: A review of legislation. International Labour Organization [ILO], Action Programme Against Forced Labour and Trafficking in West Africa, 1-53.
[ 4 ] Browne, J., Coffey, B., Cook, K., Meiklejohn, S., & Palermo, C. (2019). A guide to policy analysis as a research method. Health promotion international, 34(5), 1032-1044.
[ 5 ] Chambers, D. & K. Wedel (2009) Social Policy and Social Programs. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc
[ 6 ] CNN Freedom project (2021). Witnessing child labor on Ghana’s Lake Volta. Available online https://edition.cnn.com/2021/07/03/africa/gallery/lisa-kristine-lake-volta-spc-intl/index.html
[ 7 ] Dobelstein, A. W. (2003). Social welfare: Policy and analysis (3rd ed.). Scarborough, ON, CA: Thomson, Brooks, and Cole
[ 8 ] Dzramedo, J. E., Amoako, B. M., & Amos, P. M. (2018). The state of the extended family system in Ghana: Perceptions of some families. Research on humanities and social sciences, 8(24), 45-51.
[ 9 ] Gheyle, N., & Jacobs, T. (2017). Content Analysis: a short overview. Internal research note, 1-17.
[ 10 ] Hodge, D. R. (2008). Sexual trafficking in the United States: A domestic problem with transnational dimensions. Social Work, 53(2), 143-152.
[ 11 ] Index, G. S. (2018). Global findings. Global Slavery Index.
[ 12 ] International Labour Organization. (2017). Global estimates of child labour: results and trends, 2012-2016.
[ 13 ] International Labour Organization (1999). The Worst Forms of Child Labour, Convention 1999 (ILO, No. 122)
[ 14 ] Johansen, R. (2006). Child trafficking in Ghana. Perspectives, 1, 4-7.
[ 15 ] Mohammed, A. K. (2022). Is Ghana’s Law Against Human Trafficking a Success? Criminal justice review, 47(1), 53-76.
[ 16 ] Nukunya, G. K. (2003). Tradition and change in Ghana: An introduction to sociology. Ghana Universities Press.
[ 17 ] Okech, D., Morreau, W., & Benson, K. (2012). Human trafficking: Improving victim identification and service provision. International Social Work, 55(4), 488-503.
[ 18 ] UNODC (2020). Global Report on Trafficking in Persons (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.20.IV.3
[ 19 ] Organization, I., Free, W. & Migration, I. (2022). Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: Forced Labour and Forced Marriage, Walk Free. Australia. Retrieved from https://policycommons.net/artifacts/3443538/gems-2022_report_en_v8/4243526/ on 22 Apr 2023. CID: 20.500.12592/7jc0z9
[ 20 ] Republic of Ghana (1992). The Constitution of Ghana, Assembly Press
[ 21 ] Sertich, M., & Heemskerk, M. (2011). Ghana's human trafficking act: Successes and shortcomings in six years of implementation. Human Rights Brief, 19(1), 1.
[ 22 ] Shelley, L. (2010). Human trafficking: A global perspective. Cambridge University Press.
[ 23 ] The Trafficking in Persons (Prevention) Act, 2010, No. 12 of 2010.
[ 24 ] Thomas, M. (2016). Child trafficking in Ghana: an examination of the cultural impact. Prospect: Journal of International Affairs at UCSD. 2011.
[ 25 ] UNICEF. (2017). National plan of action for the elimination of human trafficking in Ghana.
[ 26 ] United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), (2021). Ghana, our work on SDGs in Ghana. Retrieved from https://ghana.un.org/en/about/about-the-un
[ 27 ] United States Department of State (2022) ‘Trafficking in Persons Report’, US Department of State Publication, July. Available online at: https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2022/10/20221020-2022-TIP-Report.pdf (accessed 15 March 2023).
[ 28 ] Yadoglah, J. A. (2018). Factors Influencing Child Trafficking: An analysis of cases reported in Ghana.
[ 29 ] Zimmerman, C., & Kiss, L. (2017). Human trafficking and exploitation: A global health concern. PLoS medicine, 14(11), e1002437.