Volume 1, Number 2 (2016)
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Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Energy > Archive > Paper Information

The Effect of Biodiesel Production in the Unites States on the CO2 Emissions and Oilseeds Harvest

Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2016    |    PP. 82-96    |PDF (1030 K)|    Pub. Date: December 26, 2016
109 Downloads     994 Views  

Author(s)
Roxana J. Javid, Department of Engineering Technology, Savannah State University, Savannah, GA 31404-5254, United States
Mahmoud Salari, Department of Economics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409-1014, United States

Abstract
This study investigated the impacts of biodiesel produced from oilseeds on global CO2 emissions as well as oilseeds harvested area and yields. Three scenarios were defined: first scenario evaluated the effect of percent changes in the U.S. biodiesel production by 2011 based on 2001. The second one addressed the same impacts when both the U.S. and the EU produce biodiesel and the third one reported historical changes in U.S. biodiesel production. GATP-BIO model was utilized to develop the scenarios and analyze the results. The model divided each country’s land endowment into 18 Argo Ecological Zones (AEZs), and the whole world into 18 trading regions and 21 industries. Results showed that as a result of the U.S. biodiesel production, both U.S. and the world’s total CO2 emissions were reduced mainly due to reduction in household consumption of diesel. The U.S. tax credit policy was found to be efficient in biodiesel productions. It was also found that consider AEZs is critical for the economic land coverage analysis.

Keywords
Biodiesel production; Global trade analysis project; Harvested area; CO2 emissions; Scenario evaluation

Cite this paper
Roxana J. Javid, Mahmoud Salari, The Effect of Biodiesel Production in the Unites States on the CO2 Emissions and Oilseeds Harvest, SCIREA Journal of Energy. Vol. 1 , No. 2 , 2016 , pp. 82 - 96 .

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