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Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Agriculture > Archive > Paper Information

Analysis of some Socio-Demographic Factors Influencing Choices of Infant Feeding Options among HIV positive mothers in Cross River State, Nigeria

Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2016    |    PP. 248-267    |PDF (372 K)|    Pub. Date: January 13, 2017
105 Downloads     1342 Views  

Author(s)
Eneji, J.E.O., School of Midwifery, Moore Road, Calabar
Eneji, C.V.O., Dept. of Environmental Education, University of Calabar, Nigeria
Ngoka, V.N., University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku Ozala, Enugu, Nigeria
Tangban, E. A, School of Midwifery, Moore Road, Calabar

Abstract
Making the choices of feeding the new infant of HIV+ mothers is influenced by a lot of factors the purpose of this paper is to take an in-depth examination of some sociodemographic factors influencing the choices of infant feeding options among HIV+ mothers in two health facilities: General Hospital Ogoja and Roman Catholic Mission (RCM) Maternity Hospital Ogoja, Cross River State, Nigeria. Using descriptive research design, a purposeful sample of 136 HIV+ mothers were sampled and administered with structured questionnaire and semi structured interview. Data generated was analyzed using Chi Square statistical method. The result of the analysis shows that the calculated Chi square value is 54.600 at 0.05 level significance with a degree of freedom 2, is higher than the critical table value of 5.991, the result is statistically significant implying that there are some socio-demographic factors which influences the choices of infant feeding options among HIV+ mothers in Ogoja Local Government Area of Cross River State Nigeria. To further buttress how significant each factor influence the choices of infant feeding options among HIV + mothers, another Chi square analysis was further carried out and the result shows that seven socio-demographic factors marital status (x2 20.924, p<.05), religious status (x2 14.972, p<.05), mother’s educational qualification, (x2 21.324, p<.0.5), mother’s occupation (x2 21.970, p. <.05), husband’s occupation (x2 17.704, p<.05), spouses monthly income (x2 14.862, p<.05), significantly influence the respondents choice of infant feeding options; whereas the age of the respondents (x2 = 7.001, p>.05) is not statistically significant factor in influencing the respondents’ choice of infant feeding options. The research therefore concluded that sociodemographic factors influences the choices of infant feeding options among HIV+ mothers in Ogoja Local Government Area of Cross River State. It was therefore recommended among others that HIV+ mothers should always make infant feeding choices that can be affordable, feasible, accessible and sustainable.

Keywords
sociodemographic factors, HIV+ mothers, infant feeding and PMTCT

Cite this paper
Eneji, J.E.O., Eneji, C.V.O., Ngoka, V.N., Tangban, E. A, Analysis of some Socio-Demographic Factors Influencing Choices of Infant Feeding Options among HIV positive mothers in Cross River State, Nigeria, SCIREA Journal of Agriculture. Vol. 1 , No. 2 , 2016 , pp. 248 - 267 .

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