Knowledge regarding Metabolic Syndrome and adherence to NCEP-ATP III clinical practice guidelines among physicians in New Providence, The Bahamas

Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2021     |     PP. 515-624      |     PDF (4057 K)    |     Pub. Date: October 31, 2021
DOI: 10.54647/cm32619    72 Downloads     3382 Views  

Author(s)

DANIELLE STRACHAN-BOWLEG, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Bahamas Campus

Abstract
Background: Metabolic Syndrome is becoming an increasingly common public health problem worldwide, including in The Bahamas.
Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the knowledge of physicians in New Providence, Bahamas regarding metabolic syndrome and the adherence to NCEP-ATP III guidelines.
Methods: 110 Physicians from a wide array of specialties involved in primary care throughout the public and private sectors of New Providence, Bahamas were surveyed with a cross-sectional design using convenience sampling. Data was collected using a combined questionnaire inclusive of demographics, clinical cases, and a Modified Metabolic Syndrome Knowledge Level Scale (MetS-KS). IBM SPSS software was used to obtain descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: 99.1% participants were familiar with the term Metabolic Syndrome, 88.1% (96) treat patients with MetS, 67% of physicians identified both the correct numbers of criteria for diagnosis and comprising the NCEP-ATP III definition of metabolic syndrome. Participants had a median score of 84.0% on Metabolic Syndrome Knowledge Level scale (MetS-KS). 53.3% of physicians use the NCEP-ATP III diagnostic criteria, 56% of participants were able to successfully identify the parameters consistent with NCEP-ATP III, and 35% of participants “often” screen patients adhering to the NCEP-ATP III guidelines.
Conclusion: There is a high level of Metabolic Syndrome Knowledge among physicians in New Providence, Bahamas. Physician participants admit to ‘sometimes’ adhering to NCEP-ATP III guidelines when screening patients for MetS. Family Medicine specialty was found to have the most knowledge of and most often uses NCEP-ATP III clinical practice guidelines for MetS. As years in practice and level of training increases, knowledge level, frequency of screening, and health education increases to ‘everytime’.

Keywords
metabolic syndrome; cardiovascular risk; knowledge; physician adherence, clinical practice guidelines

Cite this paper
DANIELLE STRACHAN-BOWLEG, Knowledge regarding Metabolic Syndrome and adherence to NCEP-ATP III clinical practice guidelines among physicians in New Providence, The Bahamas , SCIREA Journal of Clinical Medicine. Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2021 | PP. 515-624. 10.54647/cm32619

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