Prevalence of anemia among reproductive age women at selected health centre, Alahsa

Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2019     |     PP. 13-23      |     PDF (426 K)    |     Pub. Date: April 9, 2019
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Sahbanathul Missiriya, Assistant Professor, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Alahsa, KSA
Tahani Alabdusalam, BSN, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Alahsa, KSA
Ghofran Albaqal, BSN, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Alahsa, KSA
Hawraa Alghadeer, BSN, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Alahsa, KSA

Back Ground: People of all ages, races and ethnicity can develop anemia at some point in their lives. It can be treated successfully or prevented. Southeast Asia has more prevalence with nearly 800 million affected. World Health Organization estimated that 35% to 75% of pregnant women in developing countries and 18% of women from industrialized countries are anemic. Prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age in Saudi was reported at 42.9% in 2016, by World Bank collection of development indicators. Objectives: The objectives are to assess the prevalence of anemia, and to associate with the selected demographic variables of women at their reproductive age.Methods: Descriptive research design was undertaken in this study to assess the prevalence of anemia among reproductive aged women in Alahsa. A sample of 200 women was selected randomly. The data was collected from women who met inclusion criteria to assess the prevalence of anemia. The data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.Results: Among 200 women 22% were in the age group of <20 years and 45% were in 20-30 years. Regarding education none of them are non-literate and majority 59% were studied higher secondary schools and 79% of them were housewives. Totally 64% of them were married and 33 women were having more than 3 children, 69% were getting regular menstrual period and 31% were irregular, 80% women were having normal blood flow during their menstruation. Totally 17% women were having hemoglobin level >15gm/dl, 38% were having 12-15gm/dl, 41% were having 8-12gm/dl and 4% of them were having <8gm/dl. Hence, the overall prevalence of anemia was 45%.Conclusion: The study findings evidenced that majority of the women especially in reproductive age group were anemic. Hence, there should be necessary to create awareness among the women.

Prevalence, reproductive age women, anemia

Cite this paper
Sahbanathul Missiriya, Tahani Alabdusalam, Ghofran Albaqal, Hawraa Alghadeer, Prevalence of anemia among reproductive age women at selected health centre, Alahsa , SCIREA Journal of Health. Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2019 | PP. 13-23.


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