Educational level and cognitive impairment in people living with HIV on antiretroviral treatment in Ecuador.

Volume 7, Issue 2, April 2022     |     PP. 152-158      |     PDF (121 K)    |     Pub. Date: April 17, 2022
DOI: 10.54647/cm32797    69 Downloads     3178 Views  

Author(s)

Alejandro Checa, Neuropsicólogo Clínico, Hospital de Especialidades “Eugenio Espejo”, Ecuador
Eliana Navas, Médica General, Hospital de Especialidades “Eugenio Espejo”, Ecuador
Jonathan Molina-Benavides, Psicólogo Clínico, Hospital de Especialidades “Eugenio Espejo”, Ecuador
Verónica Valencia, Medica Psiquiatra, Hospital de Especialidades “Eugenio Espejo”, Ecuador

Abstract
Despite the accessibility of modern antiretroviral therapy (HAART), neurocognitive decline persists among some people with HIV. The objective is to assess whether there is a relationship between educational level and cognitive impairment in people living with HIV on antiretroviral treatment.
This is a cross-sectional cohort study conducted between January 2021 and July 2021 in the HIV Unit of the Eugenio Espejo Hospital in Quito. In people on antiretroviral treatment and undetectable viral load using the short neuropsychological battery NEUROPSI. 110 subjects were recruited, mainly men (97.2%), of which 51.8% were between 18 and 30 years old. The participants with complete higher education 38.64% presented normal performance and the remaining 61.36% moderate decline, there is a highly significant association between level of instruction and cognitive impairment (p = 0.006). In our cohort study, in PLWHA in Ecuador, patients with a higher level of formal education have a lower risk of suffering from cognitive impairment, age and sex seem not to be related.

Keywords
Educational level, cognitive impairment, HIV

Cite this paper
Alejandro Checa, Eliana Navas, Jonathan Molina-Benavides, Verónica Valencia, Educational level and cognitive impairment in people living with HIV on antiretroviral treatment in Ecuador. , SCIREA Journal of Clinical Medicine. Volume 7, Issue 2, April 2022 | PP. 152-158. 10.54647/cm32797

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