The mediating role of mothers' attitudes towards feeding in the relationship between parenting styles and the eating behaviors of elementary school students

Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2023     |     PP. 265-278      |     PDF (183 K)    |     Pub. Date: August 15, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/cm321160    67 Downloads     2788 Views  


Mahbubeh Alborzi, Associate Professor , Department of Foundations of Education , Faculty of Education & Psychology, Shiraz University
Fariba Khoshbakht, Associate Professor , Department of Foundations of Education , Faculty of Education & Psychology, Shiraz University
Kobra Tarjoman, Master of Elementary Education, Department of Foundations of Education , Faculty of Education & Psychology, Shiraz University

Nutritional behaviors are important in children’s physical and mental health. The present research investigated the eating behaviors of children according to the variables of parenting style and mothers' attitude towards feeding. The statistical sample included 160 elementary school students and their mothers who were selected using a multi-stage cluster method. The research tools were as follows: the knowledge and attitude questionnaire of mothers towards child feeding, the children's eating behavior questionnaire and the revised family communication model tool. Structural equation modeling was used to determine the mediating role of the mediator variable. The results of the present study showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between the conversational orientation and the attitude of mothers towards children's feeding. And there was a negative and significant relationship between the conformity orientation and mothers' attitude towards children's feeding. On the other hand, a positive and significant relationship was obtained between the eating behavior variable and mothers' attitude towards children's feeding. It should also be mentioned that the fit indices of the model were also examined and favorable results were obtained.

mothers' attitudes ,feeding, parenting styles, eating behaviors

Cite this paper
Mahbubeh Alborzi, Fariba Khoshbakht, Kobra Tarjoman, The mediating role of mothers' attitudes towards feeding in the relationship between parenting styles and the eating behaviors of elementary school students , SCIREA Journal of Clinical Medicine. Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2023 | PP. 265-278. 10.54647/cm321160


[ 1 ] Abbasi S, Asgari Z, Mehrabi T. Relationships between parentingstyles of women working in hospitals and preschooler's anxiety, isolation and agression. IJNR 2015; 10 (2) :63-71, URL:
[ 2 ] Baughcum, A.E., Chamberlin, L.A., Deeks, C.M., Powers, S.W., & Whitaker, R.C. (2000). Maternal perceptions of overweight preschool children. Pediatrics, 106,1380-1386.
[ 3 ] Benton, D., Slater, o., & Donohee, R.T.(2001). The influence of breakfast and a snack on psychological functioning. Physiol Behav, 74(4-5):559-71.
[ 4 ] Bowman, S.A., Gortmaker, S.L., Ebbeling, C.B., Pereira, M.A., & Ludwig, D.S. (2004). Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey. Pediatrics, 113, 112-118.
[ 5 ] Brown, R & Ogden, J.(2004).Children's eating attitudes and behaviour: a study of the modelling and control theories of parental influence. health education research, 19(3), 261-271.
[ 6 ] Carnell, S., & Wardle, J. (2007). Measuring behavioural susceptibility to obesity: Validation of the child eating behaviour questionnaire. Appetite, 48(1), 104-113.
[ 7 ] Cohen, R.(2013) the relationship of sleep problems, bedtime routne, and hours of sleep to adhd among elementary school aged children. northeastren university, 1-144
[ 8 ] Daniloski, k.(2011) .Adolescent Food Choice: Developing and Evaluating a Model of Parental Influence. 1-155
[ 9 ] Dawnpeter, J., Dollman, J & Perleta, N.(2013).Associations between parenting styles and nutrition knowledge and 2–5- year-old children's fruit, vegetable and non-core food consumption. Public Health Nutrition, 16(11), 1979-1987.
[ 10 ] Fahlman MM, Dake JA, McCaughtry N, Martin J. (2008).A pilot study to examine the effects of a nutrition intervention on nutrition knowledge, behaviors, and efficacy expectations in middle school children. J Sch Health;78(4):216-22. DOI:
[ 11 ] Fathi, A., Mohebi, S., & Sharifirad, GH.R.(2010). Knowledge, Attitude and practice of mothers about healthy nutrition of their children in fifth and sixth year elementary school. Journal of health and care, 18(2), 131-138
[ 12 ] Fitzpatrick, M & Ritchie, L.(1994).Communication Schemata within the Family: Multiple Perspectives on Family Interaction. 20(3), 1-16.
[ 13 ] Harnack, L.J., French, S.A. Effect of point-of-purchase calorie labeling on restaurant and cafeteria food choices: A review of the literature. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 5, 51 (2008).
[ 14 ] Haycraft, E., Farrow, C., Meyer, C., Powell, F., & Blissett, J. (2011). Relationships between temperament and eating behaviours in young children. Appetite, 56(3), 689-692.
[ 15 ] Hernandez, J., Bamwesigye, D., & Horak, M.(2016). Eating behaviors of university students. MendelNet, 23, Article 565-570
[ 16 ] Karbandi S, Eshghizadeh M, Aghamohammadiyan Sherbaf H R, Ebrahimzadeh S, Safariyan M. (2010).The Relationship Between Parenting Style and Preschool Children Obesity in Mashhad. Intern Med Today ; 16 (3) :33-39 URL:
[ 17 ] J. Peters, J. Dollman, J. Petkov, N. Parletta.(2013). Associations between parenting styles and nutrition knowledge and 2–5-year-old children's fruit, vegetable and non-core food consumption. Public Health Nutrition, 16 (11) (2013), pp. 1979-1987.
[ 18 ] Liu, WH.(2013). attitudes, practises and traditional dietary beliefs of chinese mothers with young children in australia:a mixid methhods study. International journal of behaviorural nutrition and phsical activity, 1-274.
[ 19 ] McLeod, E.R., Campbell, K.J., & Hesketh K.D. (2011). Nutrition knowledge: A mediator between socioeconomic position and diet quality in Australian first-time mothers. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 111, 696-704.
[ 20 ] Moradi F, babazade T, zebae N. (2014).Impact of Educational Intervention on Mothers Empowerment about Proper Nutrition among Infants under 2 years of age Covered By Health Homes of District 18 of Tehran Municipality. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot ; 2 (3) :242-250 URL:
[ 21 ] Powell, F., Farrow, C., Haycraft, E., & Meyer, C. (2011). Appetite regulation in early childhood: the impact of parenting behaviours and child temperament. In S. R. Mitchell (Ed.), Appetite: regulation, role in disease and control (pp. 1-8). (Nutrition and diet research progress). Nova science.
[ 22 ] Power, T.(2013).Parenting Dimensions and Styles: A Brief History and Recommendations for Future Research. peer-reviewed journals.14-21.
[ 23 ] Poh B. K, Kathryn Tham B. L, Wong S. N, Winnie Chee S.S., & Tee E. S. (2012). Nutritional status, dietary intake patterns and nutrition knowledge of children aged 5-6 years attending kindergartens in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. Malasian Journal of Nutrition, 18, 231-242.
[ 24 ] Roman, I.(2014).The Psychology of Nutritional Behaviour and Children’s Nutrition Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 149, 819-824.
[ 25 ] Salarkia,N., Amini, M., Eslami amirabadi, M. Dadkhah, M., Zoughi, T., Heydari, H., Abed Elahi, M. (2010). Mothers’ views and beliefs about the role of complementary feeding in children under the age of two in Damavand : A Qualitative Study, Arak Medical University Journal, 13,(2), 63-74.
[ 26 ] Scaglioni, S., Salvioni, M. & Galimberti, C. (2008). Influence of parental attitudes in the development of children eating behaviour. British Journal of Nutrition, 99, 22-25
[ 27 ] Skinner, E., Johnson, S & Snyder, T.(2005).Six Dimensions of Parenting: A Motivational Model.5(2), 175-235
[ 28 ] Sherry, B., Mcdıvıtt, J., Bırch, L.L., Cook, F.H., Sanders, S., Prish, J.L., Francis, L.A., Scanlon, K.S. (2004). Attitudes, practices, and concerns about child feeding and child weight status among socioeconomically diverse white, Hispanic, and African-American mothers. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 104, 215-221.
[ 29 ] Smetana, J.(2017).Current research on parenting styles, dimensions, and beliefs, published within the period of review, 15, 19-25.
[ 30 ] Vereecken, C., Rossi, S., Giacchi, M., & Maes, L. (2008). Comparison of a short food-frequency questionnaire and derived indices with a seven-day diet record in Belgian and Italian children. International Journal of Public Health, 53(6), 297–305.
[ 31 ] Ucar, A., Ozdogan, Y., & Ozcelik, A.O. (2012). Does nutrition knowledge change nutrition behavior? HealthMED, 6:2023-2029
[ 32 ] Wardle, J., Guthrie, C., Sanderson, S & Rapoport, L.(2001).Development of the childrens eating behaviour questionnaire. public health, university college london, 42(7), 963-970.
[ 33 ] Whear, R & Axford, N.(2009).“Finish What's on Your Plate!”: The Relationships between Parenting, Children's Nutrition and Outcomes, Child Care in Practice, 15(2).145-159.
[ 34 ] Yabanci, N., Kisac, I & karakus, S.(2014). The effects of mother’s nutritional knowledge on attitudes , Public Health Nutrition.