Enrichment and Characterization of Cold-Pressed Nigella Sativa Oil with Thymoquinone: Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidant Potential

Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2023     |     PP. 89-106      |     PDF (385 K)    |     Pub. Date: November 21, 2023
DOI: 10.54647/isss120323    52 Downloads     85625 Views  

Author(s)

Zahra Amini, Department of Research and Science, Newsha Herbal Drink Company, Tehran, Iran
Adib Azizian, Department of Research and Science, Newsha Herbal Drink Company, Tehran, Iran
Ahmad Eyvazi, Department of Research and Science, Newsha Herbal Drink Company, Tehran, Iran

Abstract
This study investigates the physicochemical properties, fatty acid composition, and antioxidant potential of cold-pressed Nigella Sativa oil enriched with thymoquinone. The raw black cumin seeds used in the study exhibited a moisture content of 3.25±0.28%, an oil content of 37.53±0.73%, a protein content of 18.71±0.48%, and an ash content of 5.16±0.47%. The oil yield obtained through the cold press extraction method was 22.33±0.58%. The cold-pressed oil exhibited a free fatty acid content of 8.24±0.30% as oleic acid, a peroxide value of 9.56±0.43 meq O2/kg lipid, an iodine value of 119.27±5.97 I2/100 g, and a saponification number of 204.76±10.66 mg of KOH/g of oil. The oil was found to be rich in unsaturated fatty acids, particularly linoleic and oleic acids, and had a thymoquinone content of 0.28%. In an effort to enhance the thymoquinone content, the essence of Nigella Sativa oil was extracted, yielding a thymoquinone content of 60%. This essence was then added to the Nigella Sativa oil, resulting in an enriched oil with a thymoquinone content of 2.96%. The results indicate that the cold-pressed Nigella Sativa oil enriched with thymoquinone has good physicochemical properties and antioxidant potential, making it a promising ingredient for nutritional and medicinal applications.

Keywords
Nigella Sativa Oil, Cold-Press Extraction, Thymoquinone Enrichment, Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant Potential

Cite this paper
Zahra Amini, Adib Azizian, Ahmad Eyvazi, Enrichment and Characterization of Cold-Pressed Nigella Sativa Oil with Thymoquinone: Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidant Potential , SCIREA Journal of Information Science and Systems Science. Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2023 | PP. 89-106. 10.54647/isss120323

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