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Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Geosciences > Archive > Paper Information

Spatial Distribution of Crime in Akure, Nigeria: The GIS Perspectives.

Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2017    |    PP. 21-38    |PDF (648 K)|    Pub. Date: May 8, 2017
104 Downloads     1272 Views  

Author(s)
Michael Ajide Oyinloye, Urban and Regional Planning Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Isaac Oluwadare Olamiju, Urban and Regional Planning Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Victor Kolade Otokiti, Urban and Regional Planning Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria

Abstract
Criminal behaviour is a fact of life in every community, to some extent it can be checked, restrained and bridled. An up-to-date data is needed on crime for proper management; it is only in a GIS environment this can be done effectively. This study therefore, utilized the GIS technology to access the spatial distribution of crime in selected communities in Akure. The socio economic characteristics of respondents in the study area were also examined through the administration of a structured questionnaire to 250 respondents that constitute 1.1% of the total population in the selected communities due to homogenous characteristics. Data from the questionnaire were transformed, coded and processed with SPSS to establish relationship between the variables and exported to ArcMAP GIS software to create attribute table for the crime data. A Geo-database design consisting of database development, data manipulation and data storage and retrieval was used as a repository for acquired data and information. Empirical analysis shows that over 60% are not employed by government while the average monthly income is less than N18,000.00. GIS analysis shows that theft and battery are the major crimes and these are mostly concentrated in areas with poor building conditions. The paper recommends proper housing and layout designs for urban communities in order to expose criminals and enhance living conditions of the people.

Keywords
Crime, Crime Hotspots, Spatial distribution of crime, Sustainable Living, GIS and Akure.

Cite this paper
Michael Ajide Oyinloye, Isaac Oluwadare Olamiju, Victor Kolade Otokiti, Spatial Distribution of Crime in Akure, Nigeria: The GIS Perspectives., SCIREA Journal of Geosciences. Vol. 2 , No. 2 , 2017 , pp. 21 - 38 .

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