Volume 2, Number 1 (2017)
Year Launched: 2016
Journal Menu
Previous Issues
Why Us
-  Open Access
-  Peer-reviewed
-  Rapid publication
-  Lifetime hosting
-  Free indexing service
-  Free promotion service
-  More citations
-  Search engine friendly
Contact Us
Email:   service@scirea.org
Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Materials > Archive > Paper Information

Fabrication of gas sensor based on p-type ZnO nanorods at room temperature under UV-LED illumination.

Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2017    |    PP. 1-15    |PDF (1103 K)|    Pub. Date: February 12, 2017
236 Downloads     2203 Views  

P.M.Perillo, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, CAC, Micro y Nanotecnología, Av. Gral. Paz 1499 (1650) Bs As., Argentina.
D.F.Rodríguez, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, CAC, Micro y Nanotecnología, Av. Gral. Paz 1499 (1650) Bs As., Argentina.

In the present study, the use of ZnO nanorods sensor under the irradiation of 400 nm UV-LED illumination at room temperature was tested. The non-intentionally C-doped flower-like zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods were synthesized through a chemical method at low temperature (60–65 °C). The hexagonal wurtzite phase of ZnO was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The samples were too characterized using SEM, EDX, TEM, XPS, BET and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The results show that the ZnO nanorods behave as a p-type sensor with a high response and reversibility towards ethanol and ammonia and it is an attractive chemical sensing material.

ZnO nanorods; C-doped; sensor response; ethanol; ammonia.

Cite this paper
P.M.Perillo, D.F.Rodríguez, Fabrication of gas sensor based on p-type ZnO nanorods at room temperature under UV-LED illumination., SCIREA Journal of Materials. Vol. 2 , No. 1 , 2017 , pp. 1 - 15 .


[ 1 ] Ch. Jin, S. Park, H. Kim, Ch. Lee, Ultrasensitive multiple networked Ga2O3-core/ZnO-shell nanorod gas sensors, Sens. and Actuat. B 161, Issue 1, (2012), 223–228.
[ 2 ] I. M. Szilágyiei, A. L. Tóth, J. Madarász, G. Pokol, Gas sensing selectivity of hexagonal and monoclinic WO3 to H2S, Solid State Sciences, Vol. 12, Issue 11 (2010) 1857–1860.
[ 3 ] M.B. Rahmani, S.H. Keshmiri, J. Yu, A.Z. Sadek, L. Al-Mashat, A. Moafi, K. Latham, Y.X. Li, W. Wlodarski, K. Kalantar-zadeh, Gas sensing properties of thermally evaporated lamellar MoO3 Sens. Actuat. B 145, Issue 1, (2010) 13–19.
[ 4 ] Ch-J. Chang , Ch-Y. Lin, J-K. Chen, M-H. Hsu, Ce-doped ZnO nanorods based low operation temperature NO2 gas sensors, Ceram. Intern. 40 (7) B, (2014) 10867–10875.
[ 5 ] Y. Chen, X. Li, X. Li, J. Wang, Zh. Tang UV activated hollow ZnO microspheres for selective ethanol sensors at low temperatures, Sens. Actuat. B 232, (2016) 158−164.
[ 6 ] S. Santra, P.K. Guha, S.Z. Ali, P. Hiralal, H.E. Unalan, J.A. Covington, G.A.J. Amaratunga, W.I. Milne, J.W. Gardner, F. Udrea, ZnO nanowires grown on SOI CMOS substrate for ethanol sensing, Sens. Actuat. B 146, (2010) 559−565.
[ 7 ] P.M. Perillo, M.N.Atia, D.F. Rodríguez, Effect of the reaction conditions on the formation of the ZnO nanostructures, Phys. E 85, (2017) 185-192.
[ 8 ] D. F. Rodríguez and P. M. Perillo, Temperature Effect on the Growth of TiO2 Nanotubes, Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine Vol. 6, N°3, (2014) 253-256.
[ 9 ] F.J.Sheini, D.S.Joag, M. A. More, Electrochemical synthesis of Sn doped ZnO nanowires on zinc foil and their field emission Studies, Thin solid films 519 (2010) 184–189.
[ 10 ] J. Yang, Y.Wang, J. Kong, H. Jia, Zh.Wang, Synthesis of ZnO nanosheets via electrodeposition method and their optical properties, growth mechanism, Opt. Mater. 46 (2015) 179–185.
[ 11 ] K. Edalati, A. Shakiba, J. Vahdati-Khaki, S M. Zebarjad, Low-temperature hydrothermal synthesis of ZnO nanorods: Effects of zinc salt concentration, various solvents and alkaline mineralizers, Mater. Res. Bull. 74 (2016) 374–379.
[ 12 ] J. Kong, Z. Rui, H .Ji, Y. Tong, Facile synthesis of ZnO/SnO2 hetero nanotubes with enhanced electrocatalytic property, Catal. Today 258, 1 (2015) 75–82.
[ 13 ] S. Öztürk, N. Kılınç, Z.Z. Öztürk, Fabrication of ZnO nanorods for NO2 sensor applications: Effect of dimensions and electrodeposition, J.of Alloys and Comp.581, (2013), 196–201.
[ 14 ] Z.S. Hosseini, A. Mortezaali, A. Iraji zad , S. Fardindoost, Sensitive and selective room temperature H2S gas sensor based on Au sensitized vertical ZnO nanorods with flower-like structures, J.Alloy Compd. 628 (2015) 222–229.
[ 15 ] V.Galstyan, E.Comini, C.Baratto, G.Faglia, G.Sberveglieri, Nanostructured ZnO chemical gas sensors, Ceram. Intern. 41 (2015) 14239−14244.
[ 16 ] D.C. Look Recent advances in ZnO materials and devices, Materials Science and Engineering: B Volume 80, Issues 1–3, (2001), 383–387.
[ 17 ] Nickel N H and Terukov E (ed) 2005 Zinc Oxide—A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications (Netherlands:Springer), 44–45.
[ 18 ] C. Jagadish and S. J. Pearton (ed) 2006 Zinc Oxide Bulk, Thin Films, and Nanostructures (New York: Elsevier) 109–114.
[ 19 ] Ren-Yu Tian and Yu-Jun Zhao, The origin of p-type conduction in„P, N...codoped ZnO, J. App. Phy. 106 (2009) 43707-43713.
[ 20 ] A. S. Alshammari, L. Chi, X. Chen, A. Bagabas, D. Kramer,A. Alromaeha and Z. Jiang, Visible-light photocatalysis on C-doped ZnO derived from polymer-assisted pyrolysis, RSC Advances 2015, 5, 27690-27698.
[ 21 ] X. Nie, B. Zhang , J. Wang, L. Shi, Z .Di, Q. Guo, Room-temperature ferromagnetism in p-type nitrogen-doped ZnO films, Mat. Lett. 161, (2015), 355–359.
[ 22 ] H. Pan, J. B. Yi, L. Shen, R. Q. Wu, J. H. Yang, J. Y. Lin, Y. P. Feng, J. Ding, L. H. Van, and J. H. Yin, Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism in Carbon-Doped ZnO, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, (2007) 127201.
[ 23 ] J. Zhaia, L. Wang, D, Wang, Y. Lin, D. He, T .Xie, UV-illumination room-temperature gas sensing activity of carbon-doped ZnO microspheres, Sens. Actuat.B 161 (2012) 292–297.
[ 24 ] S. Cho, J-W. Jang, J. Sung Lee and K-H Lee, Carbon-doped ZnO nanostructures synthesized using vitamin C for visible light photocatalysis CrystEngComm, 2010,12, 3929-3935
[ 25 ] Y-G. Lin, Y.-K. Hsu, Y-Ch. Chen, Li-Ch. Chen, S-Y. Chen and K-H. Chen, Visible-light-driven photocatalytic carbon-doped porous ZnO nanoarchitectures for solar water-splitting, Nanoscale, 2012, 4, 6515-6519.
[ 26 ] O. Haibo, H.J. Feng, Li Cuiyan , C. Liyun, F. Jie, Synthesis of carbon doped ZnO with a porous structure and its solar-light photocatalytic properties, Mat. Lett. 111, (2013) 217–220.
[ 27 ] N.S. Ramgir, M. Ghosh, P. Veerender, N. Datta, M. Kaur, D.K. Aswal, S.K. Gupta, Growth and gas sensing characteristics of p- and n-type ZnO nanostructures, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 156 (2011) 875-880.
[ 28 ] K. Diao, M. Zhou, J. Zhang, Y. Tang, Sh. Wang, X. Cui, High response to H2S gas with facile synthesized hierarchical ZnO microstructures, Sens. Actuat. B: 219 (2015) 30–37.
[ 29 ] P. Bindu, S. Thomas, Estimation of lattice strain in ZnO nanoparticles: X-ray peak profile analysis, J Theor. Appl. Phys. 8 (2014) 123–134.
[ 30 ] D.K.Mishra, J.Mohapatra, M.K.Sharma, R.Chattarjee, S.K.Singh, Sh.Varma, S.N. Behera, S.K.Nayak, P.Entel, Carbon doped ZnO: Synthesis, characterization and interpretation, J. Magn. Magn. Mat.329 (2013) 146–152.
[ 31 ] K. S. W. Sing, D. H. Everett, R. A. W. Haul, L. Moscou, R. A. Pierotti, J. Rouquerol, T. Siemieniewska, Reporting physisorption data for gas/solid systems, Pure Appl. Chem. 57 (4) (1985) 603–619.
[ 32 ] Y. Ren, L. Yanga, L. Wang, T. Xu, G. Wu, H. Wu, Facile synthesis, photoluminescence properties and microwave absorption enhancement of porous and hollow ZnO spheres, Powder Techn. 281 (2015) 20–27.
[ 33 ] J.Tauc, R.Grigorovici and A.Vancu, Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Amorphous Germanium, Phys. Status Solidi (b) 15, Issue 2, (1966) 627–637.
[ 34 ] F. Ahimou, C.J.P. Boonaert, Y. Adriaensen, P. Jacques, P. Thonart, M. Paquot, P.G. Rouxhet, XPS analysis of chemical functions at the surface of Bacillus subtilis, J.Colloid Interface Sci. 309 (2007) 49–55.
[ 35 ] S.K. Chaudhuri, M. Ghosh, D. Das, A.K. Raychaudhuri, Probing defects in chemically synthesized ZnO nanostructures by positron annihilation and photoluminescence spectroscopy, J. Appl. Phys., 108 (2010) 064319

Submit A Manuscript
Review Manuscripts
Join As An Editorial Member
Most Views
by Sergey M. Afonin
2935 Downloads 41644 Views
by Syed Adil Hussain, Taha Hasan Associate Professor
2295 Downloads 19449 Views
by Omprakash Sikhwal, Yashwant Vyas
2366 Downloads 16267 Views
by Munmun Nath, Bijan Nath, Santanu Roy
2263 Downloads 16204 Views
Upcoming Conferences